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Presentation on Orthorhombic Earth Modelling & Imaging the Need on7th Feb, 2018 at Panvel.

SSPG, Mumbai chapterorganised a technical session. After the welcome address and brief introduction an ex-ONGCianMr S P Singh,President Global Geoscience Services in Emerson-Paradigm started presentation on “Orthorhombic Earth Modelling and Imaging the Need”on 7th Feb, 2018 at ONGC Panvel.


Mr. Singh talked about accounting anisotropy in data processing is now recognized as an important step in improving the quality of seismic data. In isotropic seismic data processing we consider a single velocity at a depth point and try to flat the gather to the maximum offset to depth ratio. But in reality the model is anisotropic, means we have different velocities at a depth point for different directions. When we try to fit this model with a single velocity, it generates well mis-tie as well as lateral mis- positioning in the migrated image. The anisotropy solution was first successfully tested in ONGC by speaker himself.


Commonly, two forms of anisotropy are considered. The first and most common is vertical transverse isotropy (VTI), or the closely associated tilted transverse isotropy (TTI). This anisotropy is often caused by fine layering of sediments, with the layering smaller in scale than the seismic wavelength. In the case of VTI the bedding planes are horizontal, while in TTI they are dipping.

The second form of anisotropy considered in P-wave processing is horizontal transverse isotropy (HTI). The most commonly considered mechanism for this type of anisotropy is vertical aligned fractures embedded in an isotropic background medium. In reality, the subsurface is likely to contain both types of anisotropy, either combined or in separate layers. An earth model with vertical aligned fractures embedded in a finely layered background is termed as orthorhombic earth model.


These type of anisotropy causes azimuthal travel-time variations which can become apparent at near-tomid-offsets (offset-to-depth ratios of 0.5 and beyond). Study of azimuthal travel-time variations is important for delineation of fracture orientations.
Mr S. P. Singh introduced the concepts of ES360 imaging of M/S. Emerson-Paradigm. He also introduced the concept of anisotropy and its need. He has explained how ES 360 Reflection gather preserves the azimuthal information which is helpful in inversion of the elastic modulus parameters needed for Orthorhombic Earth Modelling.
This knowledge sharing platform was also shared by some representatives of Regional Laboratories, Logging services, Panvel and a few superannuated ONGC personals.
This technical session was attended by more than 60 geoscientists. It was a very interactive presentation. There was a good strength of young executives amongst the audience who took keen interest and participated in interaction. The presentation concluded with a very informative question answer session.

This technical session is also attended by Shri U.S.D. Pandey, ED-CGS- President, Mumbai Chapter, Shri K. V. Krishnan, GGM-HGS and Shri C.P.S. Rana, GM-I/C SPIC

This technical session concluded with felicitation of the speaker and vote of thanks.

About speaker : Mr Shiv Pujan Singh is Director Global Technology of geophysicalservices at Paradigm Houston. His maininterests aremodelling anisotropic velocity, including HTI/orthorhombicanisotropy for identifyingfractures using P-wave seismic data andfull-azimuth image gathers, and AVA(Z)inversion for fracture mapping usingfull-azimuth gathers. He has more than 32 years of experience in the field of data processing.

Email : spsingh@paradigmgeo.com